The hottest thing about pallet standardization

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About the standardization of pallets

although pallets are only a small appliance, because pallets have important connection functions, wide range of applications and important connections, they are in the central position in the efficiency of various logistics links such as loading, unloading, handling, storage, transportation and packaging, so, Next, let's take a look at how to prevent universal testing machine from rusting. In 2015, the new environmental protection law and emission standard inch were implemented, which is the core of package size, carriage size and container unit size. Only by taking the tray size as the standard and determining the supporting specifications and serialized specifications and standards of packaging, truck carriage, train carriage, container box, etc., can the rationality and efficiency of loading, unloading, handling, storage, transportation and packaging operations be best reflected. In addition, the specification and size of the pallet also involves the size of the container unit goods, which in turn involves the size of the packaging unit, the size of the truck carriage, railway truck carriage, warehouse channel and cargo compartment, and even related to the logistics infrastructure, the structural structure of the railway station, port, wharf and other cargo handling places, and the standard size of the handling machines and tools. In a sense, the standardization of pallets is not only the premise of pallet leasing, pallet circulation and recycling, but also the decisive factor to realize the mechanization and automation of loading, unloading, handling, packaging, transportation and storage operations. Without the unification of pallet specifications and dimensions and the serialization standards of pallet based related facilities, equipment, devices, tools, etc., only the rationalization of local logistics can be achieved, It is difficult to rationalize the overall logistics. In terms of the international standardization of pallet size, Sweden took the lead in launching the pallet standard as early as 1947. In 1961, the international organization for standardization issued the iso/r198 pallet standard, which is recommended to be 0.8m × 1.2m、0.8m × 1m、1m × 3 sizes of 1.2m; Iso/r329 pallet standard was issued in 1963, with an increase of 1.2m × 1.6m、1.2m × 1.8m in two sizes; In 1971, iso/tc51 pallet standard was issued, with an increase of 0.8m × 1.1m、0.9m × 1.1m、1.1m × There are three sizes of 1.1m. Later, the iso/tc experiment was carried out according to the specified procedure. 51 it was decided to cancel iso/r198 and iso/329, and it is suggested to change from 0.8m × 1.2m、1m × 1.2m、1.016m × 3 sizes of 1.219m are substituted. As of 1997, 1.140m × 1.140m、0.8m × What is the reason why the rise and fall of 1.2m and 1m electronic universal machines do not work? × 1.2m、1.1m × 1.1m、1.016m × 1.219m、1.140m × The size of 1.140m is recognized by the international organization for Standardization (ISO). At present, the international organization for standardization is still discussing and revising the international standard for pallets

because the size of the pallet involves too many aspects and the related factors are too complex, it is not easy to achieve real consistency and unification. There must be a process. At present, the core size of three regions has naturally formed. The national standard pallet size of the United States is 1.219m × 1.016m(48 × 40 inches), neighboring countries Canada and Mexico: 1m × 1m, Australia: 1.165m × 1.165m and 1.1m × 1.1m。 0.8m for European countries × There are many sizes of 1.2m, while Germany, Britain and the Netherlands all use 0.8m × 1.2m and 1m × There are two sizes of 1.2m, and Nordic countries have 0.8m × 1.2m unified tray. Asian countries, with Japan, South Korea, Singapore and Taiwan as the core, adopt 1.1m × The size of 1.1m accounts for a large proportion, and the penetration rate is increasing year by year, which gradually affects China, and there is a trend to expand the scope of application throughout Asia

tray specifications in China are currently in confusion. The mechanical industry system uses 0.8m specified in JB × 1m、0.5m × 08m pallet, the national standard (gb/t) issued by China in 1982, stipulates the plane size of the universal flat pallet for intermodal transportation as 0.8m × 1.2m、1.2m × 0.8m,1m × 1.2m、1.2m × 1m、1.219m × 1.106m、1.106m × 1.219m、1.140m × 1.140m, 8 kinds in total. In addition, as for pallet standards, China also has national standards such as gb/t pallet terminology, gb/t pallet packaging, gb/t plastic flat pallet, gb/t intermodal general flat pallet test method, gb/t intermodal general flat pallet performance requirements, etc. In recent years, 1.1m has appeared in China × 1.1m tray, which is also a new trend

in addition to the unitization of containers and pallets we have introduced above, there are also many kinds of container units, such as container bags, container containers, tank containers, and bale units

source: Nanjing Rongde Packaging Industry Co., Ltd

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